From Prince Rurik (862) to Michael of Russia, the first Tsar (1613)
- 862, Kievan Rus’ is founded by the Varangian (Viking) prince Rurik.
- 1169, Andrey Bogolyubsky, Prince of Vladimir-Suzdal, and his father sacked Kyiv. Vladimir-Suzdal rose.
- 1237-1242, Kievan Rus’ was sacked by the Mongols. (See the Mongol Invasion, Wikipedia.)
- until 1648, Kievan Rus’ was ruled by the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
- 1221-1263 Saint Alexander Nevsky negotiated life under the “Tatar Yoke.”
- 1261-1303 Daniel of Moscow (1261-1303) inherited the Duchy of Moscow.
- 1354, the fall of Constantinople (the Byzantine Empire falls to the Ottoman Empire)
- 1480, the end of the “Tatar Yoke.”
1547-1721, the Tsardom of Russia
- 1654, the Pereiaslav Agreement (independent Ukraine Zaporozhian Host is allied to Russia).
- 1721-1917, the Russian Empire, following Peter the Great‘s victory over the Swedish Empire, under Charles XII and Cossack leader Ivan Mazepa.
- 1547, Ivan IV (Ivan the Terrible) (b. 1530) declared himself Tsar of all Rus’ or Russias. His claim was validated by a “Chosen Council.”
- On 16 November 1581, Ivan the Terrible killed his son, the tsarevitch.
- 1584-1598, Feodor I of Russia, reigned from 1584 to 1598. He was feeble, intellectually and physically, so a regency council consisting of Boris Godunov, Feodor Nikitich Romanov, and Vasili Shuiski was appointed by Ivan IV to reign in his place. He married Boris Godunov’s sister Irina Godunova.
- 1584-1598, a regency council ruled Russia: Boris Godunov, Feodor Nikitich Romanov, Vasili Shuiski
- 1598-1605, Boris Godunov was the first non-Rurikid tsar. He was elected to the Tsardom by the Zemskiy Sobor.
- 1605, Fyodor II of Russia ascended the throne upon the death of his father, Boris Godunov. (Son of Boris Godunov and Maria Grigorievna Skuratova-Belskaya).
- 1605, False Dmitry I was the Tsar of Russia.
- 1552-1612, Vasili IV, Tsar of Russia, was the last member of the Rurikid dynasty to reign (Son of Ivan Andreyevich Shuysky).
- 1612-1613, Fedor Mstislavsky, the leader of the Seven Boyars.
- 1613-1645, Michael of Russia (b. 1596) was the first Romanov to be elected to the Tsardom of Russia by the Zemskiy Sobor of 1613.
1721-1917, the Russian Empire
- In 1721, Peter the Great was the first Emperor of all Russias.
- 1917, the Russian Revolution, and the fall of the House of Romanov.
- 1991, the collapse of the USSR, or the Soviet Union
- 1991, an independent Ukraine
The Last Rurikid Princes (by date)
- 1328-1340, Ivan I, in full Ivan Danilovich, byname Ivan Moneybag, Russian Ivan Kalita, (born 1304?—died March 31, 1340, Moscow), grand prince of Moscow (1328–40). (Son of Daniil of Russia [1263-1303])
- 1340-1359, Ivan II, in full Ivan Ivanovich, byname Ivan The Red, Russian Ivan Krasny, (born March 30, 1326—died Nov. 13, 1359), grand prince of Moscow and Vladimir. (Son of Ivan I)
- 1359–1389, Dmitry (II) Donskoy, byname of Dmitry Ivanovich, (born Oct. 12, 1350, Moscow [Russia]—died May 19, 1389, Moscow), prince of Moscow, or Muscovy (1359–1389), and grand prince of Vladimir (1362–1389), who won a victory over the Golden Horde (Mongols who had controlled Russian lands since 1240) at the Battle of Kulikovo (Sept. 8, 1380). (Son of Ivan II).
- 1439-1425, Vasily I, in full Vasily Dmitriyevich, (born 1371—died February 1425, Moscow), grand prince of Moscow from 1389 to 1425. (Son of Dmitry II)
- 1425-1462, Vasily II, in full Vasily Vasilyevich, byname Vasily the Blind, Russian Vasily Tyomny, (born 1415—died March 27, 1462, Moscow), grand prince of Moscow from 1425 to 1462. (Son of Vasili I).
- (1462-1505) Ivan III also called Ivan the Great or Russian Ivan Veliky, or Ivan Vasilyevich, (born January 22, 1440, Moscow—died October 27, 1505, Moscow) (Son of Vasily II).
- (1505-1533), Vasily III, in full Vasily Ivanovich, (born 1479—died December 3, 1533, Moscow), grand prince of Moscow from 1505 to 1533) Self-proclaimed Tsar. (Son of Ivan III).
- 1547-1584, Ivan the Terrible, also called Ivan IV, Russian Ivan Grozny, byname of Ivan Vasilyevich, (born August 25, 1530, Kolomenskoye, near Moscow [Russia]—died March 18, 1584, Moscow) grand prince of Moscow (Son of Vasily III).
- 1584-1598, Feodor I of Russia, Feodor Ivanovich, Feodor I (born 31 May 1557, Moscow—died January 17, 1598, Moscow) grand prince of Moscow, reigned from 1584 to 1598. He was feeble, intellectually and physically, so a regency council, appointed by Ivan IV, the Terrible, and consisting of Boris Godunov, Feodor Nikitich Romanov, and Vasili Shuiski reigned in his place. Feodor I married Boris’s sister Irina Godunova. (Son of Ivan IV and Anastasia Romanovna).
- 1584-1598, a regency council ruled Russia: Boris Godunov (leader), Feodor Nikitich Romanov, and Vasili Shuiski (appointed by Ivan IV).
- 1598-1605, Boris Godunov was the first non-Rurikid tsar and a Tatar. He was elected to the Tsardom by the Zemskiy Sobor, a form of parliament.
- 1605, Fyodor II of Russia (assassinated) ascended the throne upon the death of his father, Boris Godunov (Son of Boris Godunov and Maria Skuratova-Belskaya [also assassinated])
- 1605-1606, False Dmitry I was the Tsar of Russia (2 other impersonators). The real Dmitry was the Son of Ivan IV the Terrible and his sixth wife, tsaritsa Maria Nagaya)
- 1606-1610, Vasili IV of Russia was Tsar (son of Ivan Andreyevich Shuisky) (descendant of princes of Nizhny Novgorod).
- 1610-1612, Fedor Mstislavsky was the leader of the Seven Boyars.
- 1613, Michael of Russia (b. 1596) was the first Romanov to be elected to the Tsardom of Russia by the Zemskiy Sobor of 1613.
Love to everyone 💕
© Micheline Walker
29 May 2022