Annunciation, April Fool, April Fools Day, Edict of Roussillon, Halloween, Marian Feast Days, Paolo de Matteis
the Feast of the annunciation
I remember a time when the Feast of the Annunciation (Latin Vulgate Luke 1:36-39 Annuntiatio nativitatis Christi) was a Feast Day. We wore our best clothes and went to mass to celebrate the day on which the Archangel Gabriel told Mary that she would give birth to Jesus, the long-awaited Saviour.
April Fools’ Day
However, we never associated April Fools’ Day with the Feast of the Annunciation. When I saw that April Fools’ Day could be celebrated on March 25th, and that the Feast of the Annunciation was a precursor to April Fools’ Day, I was a little puzzled.
For members of my family, the Feast of the Annunciation was a Christian feast and April Fools’ Day, a lay feast, and both were celebrated. April Fools’ Day was the day when you pinned a paper fish on the back of one of your siblings clothes. It was not easy.
All Saints’ Day
We also celebrated All Saints’ Day, la Toussaint, a feast that takes place on November 1st, but Halloween was not an important event. Mother would not allow her children to go out in the dark and knock at people’s doors. So Halloween was a family event.
For us Halloween was the day on which we ate pumpkin pie and admired the light from the candle mother had placed in the pumpkin after she had emptied it out of its contents. The pumpkin had eyes and a mouth. Not only did mother bake pumpkin pie, but she also made orange and pumpkin marmalade. My mother’s marmalade is the best I have ever tasted.
The Edict of Roussillon: New Years’ Day
As for the Edict of Roussillon, promulgated in 1574, we did not know about it. For us, January 1st was the first day of the year., (please click on the picture to enlarge it)
Eastern Orthodox icon of All Saints. Christ is enthroned in heaven surrounded by the ranks of angels and saints. At the bottom is Paradise with the bosom of Abraham (left), and the Good Thief (right). (Wikipedia)
The Good Thief to the right was crucified next to Jesus.
Marian Feast Days
There are four Marian Feast Days, all of which have been mentioned in early blogs:
- the Annunciation (March 25th),
- the Nativity (December 25th),
- the Purification (December 8th) (Presentation of Jesus at the Temple),
- the Assumption (August 15th).
Antiphons, the Hail Mary and the Magnificat
The links below each lead to Notre-Dame de Paris, as well as the text and a performance of the Marian Antiphons:
the Regina Cœli
the Salve Regina
The Hail Mary, the Ave Maris Stella and the Magnificat are also part of the Marian hymnology.
Their story is told on the Notre-Dame de Paris site (in French or English). Simply click on the links above (Hail Mary) and you will also hear the music.
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Once again, we have evidence that ‘pagan’ feasts were replaced by Christian feasts and that feast days were determined by the Seasons and, more specifically, by the degree of day light compared to darkness, i.e. solstices and equinoxes. It was a rather easy and sensible transition.JS Bach (1685–1750): Magnificat in D-dur BWV 243, Nikolaus Harnoncourt, cello & dir. (Chorus Viennensis Concertus musicus Wien, 1984) (click on the title to hear the music) ____________________ If you click on Marian Antiphons you will find a site on Marian music, University of Dayton, Ohio: http://campus.udayton.edu/mary/resources/music/mus_main.html
April 2, 2012