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Louis XVII, portrait aged 7 by Alexander Kucharsky, 1792 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

I just republished a post written in March 2014. It is far too long, but under Monarchy, it includes France’s return to a Monarchy. Moreover, it spans the entire 19th century in France and could be useful to students of all ages. It expresses France’s tentativeness after the abolition of the Monarchy. Louis XVI was guillotined on 21 January 1793. The Reign of Terror had begun and it went too far.

After Napoleon’s defeat at Waterloo (18 June 1815), the War of the Seventh Coalition, the Monarchy was restored.

The first monarchs were members of the House of Bourbon Louis XVIII and Charles X. They were replaced by a monarch belonging to the House of Orleans, Louis Philippe I. Louis Philippe reigned until the Second French Revolution, in 1848. Both houses were Bourbon houses, the House of Orleans was a cadet branch of the House of Bourbon.

I will now endeavour to divide my very long post into shorter periods. The following subject matters are mentioned but not discussed sufficiently:


My health is deteriorating, but I love my WordPress community. Leaving you would hurt me. The solution is writing shorter posts.
You will find a new page at the top of my posts: the French Revolution and Napoleon. It is incomplete, but I will look for related posts.

Love to everyone 

Beethoven’s 7th Symphony, 2nd movement


Drawing by Jacques-Louis David of the Tennis Court Oath. David later became a deputy in the National Convention in 1793 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

© Micheline Walker
28 July 2018