Dutch Golden Age, Dutch Master, Encyclopædia Britannica, Frans Hals, Johannes Vermeer, Peter Paul Rubens, Rembrandt, Ruysdael
The Golden Age of Dutch Painting
Having admired a number of Dutch paintings last week, leaving the subject is very difficult. In the Fine Arts, I should think it would be difficult to find so many masters living in one area of Europe during a mere hundred years.
Flemish artist Peter Paul Rubens (28 June 1577 – 30 May 1640) was active in the early part of the seventeenth century, and he is an accomplished artist and was a fine diplomat. He was not Dutch, but how does one not mention him?
But let us focus on Holland. Dutch artist Rembrant van Rijn (15 July 1606 – 4 October 1669) is usually considered the most prominent artist of the seventeenth century in Holland. However, it is a question of degrees. Johannes Vermeer (1632 – December 1675) is also a Dutch Master. The same is true of Jacob Isaackszoon van Ruisdael (c. 1628 – 14 March 1682), Franz Hals (c. 1582 – 26 August 1666).
Some excelled at portraiture (Vermeer, Hals), others painted landscapes (the Ruisdaels) but Rembrandt was the most eclectic. He painted portraits, the Jewish population of Amsterdam, seascapes, biblical subjects and the very large Night Watch (1642), housed in the Rijksmuseum, in Amtersdam. Vermeer was also a “genre,” painter. He painted interiors where individuals are going about their everyday activity.
The above is a mere backdrop or introduction. However, it is quite acceptable. We have identified four Dutch Masters, possibly the most prominent Dutch Masters of the seventeenth century, the Dutch Golden Age. We have linked each of them to subjects they depicted which, by an large, are not religious subjects.
In this regard, a potential gallery of the Dutch Golden Age paintings would contain portraits, seascapes, depiction of Jews in a tolerant Holland, and depictions of rather large groups of people. On the subject of Jews, I should note that the citizens of seventeenth-century Holland were a tolerant society.
As a result, there was considerable emigration to Holland. Not all stayed, but many did, some of whom were artists. Jewish and Mannerist artist Gillis van Coninxloo emigrated to Holland.
I have explored the life and times of several Golden Age Dutch artists, but realize I am now too tired to continue my work. I will have to rest. So I may not post blogs for a few days. However, I will try to catch up with messages and comments.That is very important.© Micheline Walker 4 December 2012 WordPress _________________________
[i] “Frans Hals”. Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online.
Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2012. Web. 04 Dec. 2012
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Micheline, my dear, thank you so much for posting your excellent. I loved this lesson!
I have prepared several works by Flemish artist Peter Paul Rubens to post them, but only after the winter holidays!
Big hugs always with love, Stefania! 🙂
I look forward to seeing your presentations. I will be showing one painting by Rubens, that of his son. I think his name was Nicolas. Rubens was also a diplomat and was knighted twice. So he is Sir Peter Paul Rubens.
Hugs and love,
I have always loved the Girl With The Pearl; but that Night Watch! What vivid colours…I love it…
Years ago, I spent a long time looking at the Night Watch. The Dutch Masters are very aptly named. I then visited Rembrandt’s house and loved it. I thank you for commenting. You, my dear, are posting very fine blogs. Rich and full of information. Thank you.
Sandra C. said:
le travail de la lumière de ces toiles est tout simplement fabuleux ! merci du partage !
En effet, les bons tableaux ont presque toujours cet élément de clair-obscur. Or Rembrandt, Vermeer… sont des maîtres. Vou avez parfaitement raison. Micheline
Wonderful “The Girl with the Pearl Earring” and “Sicilienne ‘” …
Thank you Wanda. By the way, you are quite right about the expression “in a nutshell”. I had an English literature teacher who used that expression. So I learned it from him and added it to my English vocabulary. The “Girl with the Pearl Earring” is simply stunning. Her eyes are telling a story.
Thanks for so interesting informations.
Thank you Wanda,
I will be expanding this subject. The Dutch Golden Age, was such an extraordinary moment in the history of art that it never ceases to amaze me. Thank you so much for writing.