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Before completing my article on Refus global (1948), a document that indicted the institutions of old Quebec, the Church in particular, I am sending you the news.  Refus global (1948) was written during a period in Quebec’s history when the province was often referred to as the “priest-ridden” province.

My students read that document because I considered it a statement that ushered in Quebec’s Révolution tranquille.  It is now viewed as such in an official manner.

But first, allow me to send some News.


The New York Times: http://www.nytimes.com/
The Washington Post: http://www.washingtonpost.com/
CNN: http://www.cnn.com/
Time Magazine: http://www.time.com/time/
Time Magazine: http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,2128304,00.html
The Globe and Mail: http://www.theglobeandmail.com/
The Montreal Gazette: http://www.montrealgazette.com/index.html
CBC News: http://www.cbc.ca/news/
CTV News: http://www.ctvnews.ca/
Le Monde: http://www.lemonde.fr/
Le Devoir: http://www.ledevoir.com/
La Presse: http://www.lapresse.ca/
Die Welt:  http://www.welt.de/
Title: Black Coffee (1948)
performer: Ella Fitzgerald (April 25, 1917 – June 15, 1996)
composers:  Sonny Burke (the music), Paul Francis Webster (lyrics) 
Micheline Walker©
November 1st, 2012