Biographical NotesRelated Post: Regionalism in Quebec Fiction: The Honorable Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau
This information is available in Wikipedia and in the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online, but should have been included at the beginning of my blog.
- the first Premier of the Canadian province of Quebec following the establishment of the Dominion of Canada in 1867;
- founder of Confederation;
- a lawyer by profession, and practiced in Quebec City;
- the co-founder of the Société Saint-Jean-Baptiste of Quebec City in 1842, a nationalistic society that exists to this day.
- He was elected to the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada in 1844, and reelected in 1848, 1851, and 1854.
- He was solicitor-general of Lower Canada, without a seat in cabinet, from 1851 to 1853;
- From 1855 to 1867, he was superintendent of the bureau of Education.
- In 1867, he was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Quebec in Québec-Comté electoral district and headed a Conservative government as the first Premier of Quebec.
- He was also the Minister of Education and Provincial Secretary.
- Also beginning in 1867, he was simultaneously the federal Member of Parliament for the riding of Quebec County (such “double mandates” were abolished in 1874).
- He was appointed Speaker of the Canadian Senate on February 21, 1873.
- In 1878, he became professor of Roman law at Université Laval.
- He was President of the Royal Society of Canada in 1883-1884.
- He died April 4 in Quebec City in 1890. He had seven children, one of which, Alexandre Chauveau, became a provincial politician in his own right.
Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau is also the author of:
- Voyage du Prince de Galles [the Prince of Wales] en Amérique;
- L’Instruction publique au Canada (Public Education in Canada);[i]
- F.-X. Garneau, sa vie et ses œuvres (a biography of historian François Xavier Garneau (This life and times of…);
- L’Abbé Holmes et ses conférences de Notre-Dame (Father Holmes and his Notre-Dame Speeches).
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